How to Test a Golf Cart Motor

To test a golf cart motor, you can follow the steps below:

Rangefinder on Discount

  1. Check the battery voltage: Ensure that the golf cart battery has a full charge and that the voltage is correct. The voltage should be between 36 and 48 volts, depending on the golf cart’s model.
  2. Inspect the connections: Check the connections between the battery and the motor . Ensure that they are tight and secure.
  3. Test the motor: Turn on the golf cart and press the accelerator pedal. Listen for any unusual sounds coming from the motor. If the motor is making strange noises or not spinning correctly, it may be faulty.
  4. Check the brushes: If the motor is not functioning correctly, you may need to check the brushes. Remove the brushes from the motor and check them for wear and tear. If they are worn, replace them with new ones.
  5. Test the voltage: Use a multimeter to test the voltage going to the motor. If the voltage is too low, the motor may not be receiving enough power to operate correctly.
  6. Check the controller: The controller is responsible for sending the correct amount of power to the motor. If the controller is faulty, the motor may not function correctly. Test the controller by replacing it with a known working one.
  7. Test the speed sensor: Some golf carts have a speed sensor that monitors the motor’s RPM and sends a signal to the controller. If the speed sensor is faulty, the controller may not send the correct amount of power to the motor. To test the speed sensor, use a multimeter to check the resistance across the sensor’s terminals. The resistance should be within the manufacturer’s specified range. If it’s not, the speed sensor may need to be replaced.
  8. Check the motor bearings: The bearings in the motor can wear out over time, causing the motor to make unusual noises or vibrate excessively. To check the bearings, remove the motor from the golf cart and spin the motor shaft by hand. If the motor feels gritty or makes a grinding noise, the bearings may be worn and need to be replaced.
  9. Test the wiring: Check the wiring harness for any damage, corrosion, or loose connections. Use a multimeter to test the continuity of the wires and ensure they’re properly grounded. If any wires are damaged, they should be repaired or replaced.
  10. Check the solenoid: The solenoid is responsible for sending power from the battery to the controller. If the solenoid is faulty, the golf cart may not start or may not run properly. To test the solenoid, use a multimeter to check the resistance across the solenoid’s terminals. The resistance should be within the manufacturer’s specified range. If it’s not, the solenoid may need to be replaced.
  11. Test the controller: The controller regulates the power sent to the motor based on input from the accelerator pedal and other sensors. If the controller is faulty, the golf cart may not operate correctly. To test the controller, use a diagnostic tool or consult the manufacturer’s specifications to ensure that it’s sending the correct signals to the motor.
  12. Check the motor brushes: Motor brushes are responsible for conducting electricity to the armature in the motor. Over time, the brushes can wear down and cause the motor to malfunction. To check the brushes, remove the motor cover and inspect the brushes for any signs of wear or damage. If they are worn, they should be replaced.
  13. Test the motor with a load: To fully test the motor, you can perform a load test. This involves putting the golf cart in gear and placing a load on the motor by driving up a hill or a steep incline. If the motor struggles to provide enough power to move the golf cart or makes unusual noises, there may be an issue with the motor or its components.
  14. Consult the manufacturer’s manual: If you’re unsure about any of the steps involved in testing a golf cart motor, consult the manufacturer’s manual or seek the advice of a professional mechanic or golf cart technician. The manual will contain information about the specific model of the golf cart, including the voltage, amperage, and other specifications that can be helpful in diagnosing any issues.
  15. Keep safety in mind: When testing a golf cart motor, it’s important to keep safety in mind. Always wear appropriate safety gear, such as gloves and safety glasses, when working with electrical components. Never touch any exposed wires or terminals, and be careful not to touch any moving parts or hot components. If you’re not comfortable working with electrical components, seek the help of a professional.


  • Ray Barnes

    Ray Barnes, our Senior Staff Writer and a Golf Analyst with a PhD in Sports Analytics, is a beacon of insight in the golfing world. With a deep understanding of the sport's nuances, statistical analysis, and a talent for demystifying complexities, he provides in-depth analysis and captivating narratives that engage golf enthusiasts worldwide.

Leave a Comment