What is Bounce on a Golf Club

In golf, a “bounce” on a golf club refers to the angle formed between the ground and the sole (the bottom) of the clubhead. It is the amount of curvature or angle on the bottom of the club that touches the ground when the clubhead is at rest.

Bounce is an important characteristic of golf clubs, especially irons and wedges, because it affects how the club interacts with the turf and sand during the golf swing. The purpose of the bounce is to prevent the club from digging too deeply into the ground or sand, which can result in poor contact and shots that don’t travel as far or as accurately as intended.

When a golfer swings an iron or wedge, the clubhead needs to glide along the ground or sand, rather than digging in too deeply. This is where the bounce comes into play. If a club has more bounce, it will have a larger angle between the sole of the club and the ground, which means it will “bounce” or slide more easily across the surface. Conversely, if a club has less bounce, it will have a smaller angle and can dig more into the ground.

Different types of wedges have different amounts of bounce, and golfers will often choose their wedges based on the type of conditions they expect to encounter on the course. For example, a wedge with higher bounce is better suited for use in fluffy sand or thick rough, while a wedge with lower bounce is better for firmer turf or hardpan lies.

There are different types of bounce angles on golf clubs, ranging from low bounce (less than 8 degrees) to high bounce (more than 14 degrees). Golfers will typically choose their wedges and irons based on the type of playing conditions they expect to face, as well as their own personal swing style.

For example, golfers who tend to take a steeper, more aggressive swing may prefer clubs with higher bounce angles, as these will help prevent the club from digging too deeply into the ground. On the other hand, golfers with shallower swings may prefer clubs with lower bounce angles, which will allow them to more easily slide the clubhead along the turf or sand.

In addition to affecting how the club interacts with the ground, bounce can also have an impact on the trajectory and spin of a golfer’s shots. Clubs with higher bounce angles tend to produce shots with higher launch angles and more spin, while clubs with lower bounce angles tend to produce shots with lower launch angles and less spin.

Another factor that can influence the amount of bounce on a golf club is the grind. The grind refers to the shaping and removal of material from the sole of the club, which can affect the angle and curvature of the bounce. Different types of grinds can create different levels of bounce, allowing golfers to fine-tune their clubs for specific playing conditions and shot types.

Overall, understanding the concept of bounce on a golf club is important for golfers of all skill levels, as it can have a significant impact on the quality of their shots and their ability to navigate the course successfully.


Bounce angles of different wedge types

Wedge TypeBounce Angle (Degrees)Loft Angle (Degrees)Sole GrindManufacturer
Pitching Wedge4-642-46C-shaped sole grindTitleist
Gap Wedge8-1250-54Dual bounce sole grindCallaway
Sand Wedge12-1654-58Wide sole grindCleveland
Lob Wedge0-1058-62Narrow sole grindTaylorMade
High-bounce Wedge16+VariesCustom sole grindVokey

Bounce and its effect on different types of sand

Sand TypeBounce Angle (Degrees)Ideal Bounce Range (Degrees)Ideal Sole Grind
Wet SandLow0-6Wide and shallow sole grind
Hard-packed SandHigh10-14Narrow and steep sole grind
Fine SandModerate6-10C-shaped sole grind
Thick, fluffy SandVery High14+Dual or triple grind sole

Bounce and its effect on shot types

Shot TypeBounce Angle (Degrees)Ideal Bounce Range (Degrees)Ideal Sole Grind
Full SwingLow-Moderate0-10C-shaped sole grind
Pitch ShotModerate-High6-14Dual or triple grind sole
Bunker ShotHigh-Very High10+Wide and shallow sole grind
Flop ShotVery Low0-4Narrow and steep sole grind
Chip ShotLow0-6Wide and shallow sole grind

Bounce and its effect on turf interaction

Turf TypeBounce Angle (Degrees)Ideal Bounce Range (Degrees)Ideal Sole Grind
Tight or Firm TurfLow-Moderate0-8Narrow and steep sole grind
Soft TurfModerate-High6-12Wide and shallow sole grind
Uneven or Hilly TerrainHigh-Very High10+Dual or triple grind sole
Thick RoughVery High14+Wide and steep sole grind
FairwayLow0-6C-shaped sole grind

Bounce and its effect on clubhead speed

Swing SpeedBounce Angle (Degrees)Ideal Bounce Range (Degrees)Ideal Sole Grind
Slow (Less than 80 mph)High10+Wide and shallow sole grind
Moderate (80-95 mph)Moderate6-10C-shaped sole grind
Fast (95+ mph)Low0-6Narrow and steep sole grind
All Swing SpeedsVariableCustomized to individual’s swing and turf conditionsCustom sole grind


  • Ray Barnes

    Ray Barnes, our Senior Staff Writer and a Golf Analyst with a PhD in Sports Analytics, is a beacon of insight in the golfing world. With a deep understanding of the sport's nuances, statistical analysis, and a talent for demystifying complexities, he provides in-depth analysis and captivating narratives that engage golf enthusiasts worldwide.

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