In golf, a “bounce” on a golf club refers to the angle formed between the ground and the sole (the bottom) of the clubhead. It is the amount of curvature or angle on the bottom of the club that touches the ground when the clubhead is at rest.
Bounce is an important characteristic of golf clubs, especially irons and wedges, because it affects how the club interacts with the turf and sand during the golf swing. The purpose of the bounce is to prevent the club from digging too deeply into the ground or sand, which can result in poor contact and shots that don’t travel as far or as accurately as intended.
When a golfer swings an iron or wedge, the clubhead needs to glide along the ground or sand, rather than digging in too deeply. This is where the bounce comes into play. If a club has more bounce, it will have a larger angle between the sole of the club and the ground, which means it will “bounce” or slide more easily across the surface. Conversely, if a club has less bounce, it will have a smaller angle and can dig more into the ground.
Different types of wedges have different amounts of bounce, and golfers will often choose their wedges based on the type of conditions they expect to encounter on the course. For example, a wedge with higher bounce is better suited for use in fluffy sand or thick rough, while a wedge with lower bounce is better for firmer turf or hardpan lies.
There are different types of bounce angles on golf clubs, ranging from low bounce (less than 8 degrees) to high bounce (more than 14 degrees). Golfers will typically choose their wedges and irons based on the type of playing conditions they expect to face, as well as their own personal swing style.
For example, golfers who tend to take a steeper, more aggressive swing may prefer clubs with higher bounce angles, as these will help prevent the club from digging too deeply into the ground. On the other hand, golfers with shallower swings may prefer clubs with lower bounce angles, which will allow them to more easily slide the clubhead along the turf or sand.
In addition to affecting how the club interacts with the ground, bounce can also have an impact on the trajectory and spin of a golfer’s shots. Clubs with higher bounce angles tend to produce shots with higher launch angles and more spin, while clubs with lower bounce angles tend to produce shots with lower launch angles and less spin.
Another factor that can influence the amount of bounce on a golf club is the grind. The grind refers to the shaping and removal of material from the sole of the club, which can affect the angle and curvature of the bounce. Different types of grinds can create different levels of bounce, allowing golfers to fine-tune their clubs for specific playing conditions and shot types.
Overall, understanding the concept of bounce on a golf club is important for golfers of all skill levels, as it can have a significant impact on the quality of their shots and their ability to navigate the course successfully.
Bounce angles of different wedge types
|Wedge Type||Bounce Angle (Degrees)||Loft Angle (Degrees)||Sole Grind||Manufacturer|
|Pitching Wedge||4-6||42-46||C-shaped sole grind||Titleist|
|Gap Wedge||8-12||50-54||Dual bounce sole grind||Callaway|
|Sand Wedge||12-16||54-58||Wide sole grind||Cleveland|
|Lob Wedge||0-10||58-62||Narrow sole grind||TaylorMade|
|High-bounce Wedge||16+||Varies||Custom sole grind||Vokey|
Bounce and its effect on different types of sand
|Sand Type||Bounce Angle (Degrees)||Ideal Bounce Range (Degrees)||Ideal Sole Grind|
|Wet Sand||Low||0-6||Wide and shallow sole grind|
|Hard-packed Sand||High||10-14||Narrow and steep sole grind|
|Fine Sand||Moderate||6-10||C-shaped sole grind|
|Thick, fluffy Sand||Very High||14+||Dual or triple grind sole|
Bounce and its effect on shot types
|Shot Type||Bounce Angle (Degrees)||Ideal Bounce Range (Degrees)||Ideal Sole Grind|
|Full Swing||Low-Moderate||0-10||C-shaped sole grind|
|Pitch Shot||Moderate-High||6-14||Dual or triple grind sole|
|Bunker Shot||High-Very High||10+||Wide and shallow sole grind|
|Flop Shot||Very Low||0-4||Narrow and steep sole grind|
|Chip Shot||Low||0-6||Wide and shallow sole grind|
Bounce and its effect on turf interaction
|Turf Type||Bounce Angle (Degrees)||Ideal Bounce Range (Degrees)||Ideal Sole Grind|
|Tight or Firm Turf||Low-Moderate||0-8||Narrow and steep sole grind|
|Soft Turf||Moderate-High||6-12||Wide and shallow sole grind|
|Uneven or Hilly Terrain||High-Very High||10+||Dual or triple grind sole|
|Thick Rough||Very High||14+||Wide and steep sole grind|
|Fairway||Low||0-6||C-shaped sole grind|
Bounce and its effect on clubhead speed
|Swing Speed||Bounce Angle (Degrees)||Ideal Bounce Range (Degrees)||Ideal Sole Grind|
|Slow (Less than 80 mph)||High||10+||Wide and shallow sole grind|
|Moderate (80-95 mph)||Moderate||6-10||C-shaped sole grind|
|Fast (95+ mph)||Low||0-6||Narrow and steep sole grind|
|All Swing Speeds||Variable||Customized to individual’s swing and turf conditions||Custom sole grind|