How Much Horsepower Does a Golf Cart Have

Golf carts are essential vehicles on golf courses, used not only for transporting golfers and their clubs but also for maintenance and various other tasks. These electric or gas-powered vehicles are known for their efficiency and versatility. One important aspect to consider when it comes to golf carts is their horsepower, as it directly impacts their performance. In this article, we’ll delve into the topic of golf cart horsepower, discussing both electric and gas-powered carts.

Rangefinder on Discount

Electric Golf Carts:

Electric golf carts are the most common type found on golf courses due to their eco-friendly nature and relatively low operating costs. Their horsepower typically ranges between 3 to 15 horsepower. However, the exact horsepower can vary depending on several factors:

  1. Motor Type: The electric motor is the heart of an electric golf cart. The horsepower of the motor largely determines the overall power of the cart. Basic models might have a 3-5 horsepower motor, while high-performance carts may feature motors with 10-15 horsepower.
  2. Battery Voltage: Electric golf carts are powered by batteries, and the voltage of these batteries plays a significant role in determining the horsepower. Common voltage options are 36V and 48V. Higher voltage generally means more horsepower, resulting in better performance.
  3. Controller and Wiring: The controller, which regulates the power sent from the batteries to the motor, can impact the overall horsepower. Upgraded controllers and wiring systems can enhance the cart’s performance by allowing more power to flow to the motor.
  4. Terrain and Load: The terrain on which the golf cart operates and the weight it carries also affect its horsepower needs. Carts used on hilly courses or carrying heavy loads might require more horsepower to maintain adequate speed and performance.

Gas-Powered Golf Carts:

Gas-powered golf carts are less common on golf courses but are still used for specific purposes. They typically have more horsepower compared to their electric counterparts due to the combustion engine. The average horsepower for gas-powered golf carts ranges from 10 to 20 horsepower, and it can go even higher for custom or modified carts.

  1. Engine Type: Gas-powered golf carts are equipped with small gasoline engines, often ranging from 250cc to 400cc or more. The engine’s size directly influences the horsepower output. Larger engines generally produce more horsepower.
  2. Fuel Type: While most gas-powered golf carts run on regular gasoline, some models use alternative fuels like propane or natural gas. These fuel types may have a slight impact on horsepower, but it’s usually not a significant factor.
  3. Performance Modifications: Enthusiasts and those seeking high-performance gas-powered golf carts may opt for aftermarket modifications such as engine upgrades, turbochargers, or exhaust enhancements. These modifications can significantly increase the horsepower and overall speed of the cart.

Factors Affecting Golf Cart Horsepower:

  1. Purpose of Use: The intended use of a golf cart significantly impacts the desired horsepower. Golf course carts are typically designed for relatively flat terrain and moderate speeds. However, if you plan to use a cart for off-road adventures or towing heavy loads, you might require more horsepower for enhanced performance.
  2. Terrain: The topography of the golf course or the area where you intend to use the cart plays a pivotal role in determining the necessary horsepower. Hilly courses demand more power to climb steep slopes while maintaining speed.
  3. Speed Requirements: If you need to reach higher speeds, such as in modified or customized carts used for recreational purposes, you’ll likely require more horsepower. Faster acceleration and higher top speeds require additional power.
  4. Passenger Capacity: The number of passengers a golf cart can carry affects its overall weight and power needs. Carts designed to transport multiple passengers often have more horsepower to handle the increased load.
  5. Aftermarket Modifications: Many golf cart enthusiasts enjoy customizing their vehicles. Aftermarket modifications, like high-performance motors, larger tires, and lift kits, can significantly increase horsepower and alter the cart’s overall performance.

Golf Cart Models and Their Horsepower Ratings

Golf Cart ModelHorsepower Rating (HP)Top Speed (MPH)Battery TypeSeating Capacity
Club Car DS3.720Electric2
Yamaha Drive6.719Electric2
EZGO RXV4.415Electric2
Cushman Hauler9.522Gasoline2
Taylor-Dunn B25.218Electric2
Fairplay EVE6.017Electric4
Polaris GEM E26.725Electric2
Columbia ParCar5.620Electric4
Tomberlin E-Merge6.025Electric2
Bad Boy Buggies13.524Electric4

Horsepower Comparison Between Gas and Electric Golf Carts

Golf Cart ModelHorsepower (Gas)Horsepower (Electric)
Club Car DS13.53.7
Cushman Hauler14.09.5
Yamaha Drive13.06.7
E-Z-GO Express13.54.4
Bad Boy Buggies22.013.5
Tomberlin E-Merge6.0
Fairplay EVE6.0
Polaris GEM E26.7
Columbia ParCar5.6
Taylor-Dunn B25.2

Average Horsepower of Golf Carts by Brand

BrandAverage Horsepower (HP)
Club Car3.7

Top Speed Comparison of Golf Carts

Golf Cart ModelTop Speed (MPH)
Club Car DS20
Cushman Hauler22
Yamaha Drive19
E-Z-GO Express15
Bad Boy Buggies24

Battery Types in Golf Carts

Golf Cart ModelBattery Type
Club Car DSElectric
Cushman HaulerGasoline
Yamaha DriveElectric
E-Z-GO ExpressElectric
Bad Boy BuggiesElectric


Maintenance and Upgrades:

  1. Regular Maintenance: To ensure your golf cart operates at its optimal horsepower, it’s essential to follow a routine maintenance schedule. Regular checks on the motor, battery (for electric carts), and engine (for gas carts) can help prevent power loss due to wear and tear.
  2. Upgrades: If you feel your golf cart is lacking in horsepower for your specific needs, you can consider upgrading certain components. For electric carts, this might involve replacing the motor or upgrading the controller and batteries. Gas-powered carts can benefit from engine upgrades or enhanced exhaust systems.


In summary, the amount of horsepower a golf cart has varies widely depending on its power source, intended use, and any aftermarket modifications. Electric golf carts generally range from 3 to 15 horsepower, while gas-powered carts typically have 10 to 20 horsepower. It’s essential to consider factors such as terrain, load capacity, and desired speed when selecting a golf cart, as these elements influence the horsepower needed for optimal performance. Additionally, regular maintenance and upgrades can help ensure that your golf cart continues to deliver the horsepower required for your specific purposes, whether on the golf course or for other recreational or utility uses.



How Much Horsepower Does a Golf Cart Have


  • Anglo Carson

    Anglo Carson, a Certified Golf Instructor, embarked on a remarkable journey, driven by his unwavering love for golf. He founded The Golf Mine with a singular mission - to create a golfing haven where passion knows no boundaries. His lifelong love affair with golf, combined with his expertise as a Certified Golf Instructor, turned into a vision to share his extensive knowledge, inspire, and promote the game he holds dear.

Leave a Comment