Types Of Golf Clubs

Golf is a sport that requires a variety of clubs to navigate different situations on the course. Each type of golf club is designed for specific purposes, and understanding their differences is crucial for improving your game. Here are the main types of golf clubs:

1. Woods

Woods are typically used for long-distance shots. They are designed to launch the ball high into the air and cover significant distances.

Driver (1-Wood): The driver is the longest club in a golfer’s bag and is used for tee shots on par-4 and par-5 holes. It has a large head and is designed for maximum distance.

Fairway Woods (3-Wood, 5-Wood, 7-Wood, etc.): Fairway woods are used for longer shots from the fairway and are versatile options for hitting off the tee on shorter holes or tight fairways.

2. Irons

Irons are used for shots of varying distances, and they are known for their precision and accuracy.

Long Irons (2-Iron to 4-Iron): Long irons are used for longer approach shots and can be challenging to hit due to their lower loft.

Mid-Irons (5-Iron to 7-Iron): Mid-irons are versatile clubs suitable for approach shots and hitting from the fairway or rough.

Short Irons (8-Iron to Pitching Wedge): Short irons have higher lofts and are used for precise approach shots to the green.

3. Wedges

Wedges are specialized irons designed for specific short-game situations, such as chipping, pitching, and bunker shots.

Pitching Wedge: Used for approach shots to the green from shorter distances.

Gap Wedge: Fills the gap between the pitching wedge and sand wedge, often used for approach shots from intermediate distances.

Sand Wedge: Designed for getting out of sand bunkers and other challenging lies around the green.

Lob Wedge: Has the highest loft and is used for high, short shots that need to stop quickly on the green.

4. Hybrids

Hybrids combine features of both woods and irons and are known for their forgiveness and versatility.

Hybrid Clubs (e.g., 2-Hybrid, 3-Hybrid): Used for long shots from a variety of lies, especially when a golfer needs a more forgiving option than a long iron.

5. Putters

Putters are used on the green for precise and controlled strokes to roll the ball into the hole.

Blade Putters: These putters have a traditional design with a thin, rectangular clubhead.

Mallet Putters: Mallet putters have a larger, more forgiving clubhead with various alignment aids.

6. Specialty Clubs

Some golfers carry specialty clubs tailored to their game or the specific course they are playing.

Driving Iron: Similar in appearance to a long iron but designed for controlled tee shots.

Belly Putter: A putter with a longer shaft that is anchored against the golfer’s belly, used by some players for a more stable putting stroke (Note: Rules regarding anchored putters have changed in recent years).

7. Utility Clubs

Utility clubs, sometimes referred to as “driving utilities” or “driving irons,” bridge the gap between long irons and fairway woods. They are designed for controlled distance and accuracy off the tee or from the fairway.

Utility Irons (e.g., 1-Utility, 2-Utility): These clubs are favored by golfers who prefer the look and feel of an iron but want the forgiveness and distance of a wood. They are especially handy in tight driving situations.

8. Single-Length Irons

Single-length irons have gained popularity in recent years due to their consistency. In a single-length iron set, all the irons have the same shaft length and lie angle, which can simplify the swing and setup for some golfers.

Single-Length Irons (e.g., 5-iron to Pitching Wedge): These clubs offer a consistent setup and swing for each iron in the set, which can help some players with their ball-striking consistency.

9. Counterbalanced Putters

Counterbalanced putters feature additional weight in the grip area, which helps stabilize the putter during the stroke. This design is intended to provide a smoother and more controlled putting stroke.

Counterbalanced Putters: Golfers looking for improved control and consistency in their putting often opt for counterbalanced putters, which can help with tempo and stability.

10. Left-Handed Clubs

For left-handed golfers, a full set of left-handed clubs is necessary. These clubs are essentially mirror images of the standard right-handed clubs, with the clubhead angles and shafts designed for left-handed swings.

Left-Handed Clubs (Driver, Irons, Wedges, Putter, etc.): Left-handed golfers can find a wide variety of clubs tailored to their swing orientation.


  1. Woods:

    • Woods are typically used for long-distance shots off the tee or fairway.
    • The driver is a specialized wood club designed for maximum distance.
    • Fairway woods (3-wood, 5-wood) provide distance and accuracy when hitting from the fairway.
  2. Irons:

    • Irons are versatile clubs used for a variety of distances and situations.
    • Numbered irons (3-9) are used for approach shots, with lower numbers for longer distances.
    • Wedges (pitching wedge, sand wedge, and lob wedge) are specialized irons for close-range shots and getting out of bunkers.
  3. Hybrids:

    • Hybrids combine the characteristics of irons and woods, offering forgiveness, distance, and versatility.
    • They are commonly used for long shots from the rough or challenging lies.
  4. Putters:

    • Putters are used on the greens for precision and control.
    • There are various putter designs to suit different putting styles, such as blade, mallet, and center-shafted putters.
  5. Specialty Clubs:

    • Specialty clubs like chippers and utility wedges serve unique purposes, such as chip shots around the green or challenging lies.
  6. Junior Clubs:

    • Junior clubs are designed for young or beginner golfers, with lighter and shorter shafts to accommodate their size and strength.
  7. Custom Fitting:

    • Custom fitting is essential to ensure that golfers have clubs tailored to their height, swing speed, and skill level, optimizing performance.


TypeLoft Angle (degrees)Typical UseCharacteristicsPopular Brands
Driver (1-Wood)8-12Tee shotsMaximum distanceTaylorMade, Callaway
3-Wood13-17Fairway shotsBalance of distance & controlTitleist, Ping
5-Wood18-22Fairway shotsVersatile for longer fairway shotsCobra, Mizuno
7-Wood23-27Fairway shotsAdded loft for high, soft landingCleveland, Adams
9-Wood28-32Fairway shotsHigh loft, great for approachSrixon, Wilson


TypeLoft Angle (degrees)Typical UseDistance ControlForgiveness
2-Iron18-22Long approach shotsLower distanceLow forgiveness
4-Iron22-26Long approach shotsModerate distanceModerate forgiveness
6-Iron26-30Approach shotsBalancedModerate forgiveness
8-Iron34-38Approach shotsModerate distanceHigh forgiveness
Pitching Wedge44-48Short approach & chippingShort distanceHigh forgiveness


TypeLoft Angle (degrees)Typical UseBounce Angle (degrees)Specialty Shots
Gap Wedge50-54Approach & gap-filling8-12Versatile distances
Sand Wedge54-58Sand bunkers & rough10-14Exploding out of sand
Lob Wedge58-64High, soft shots6-10Flop shots & high arcs
Approach Wedge48-52Approach & chipping4-8Controlled chipping
Dual Wedge (56°)56All-purpose12Varied short-game shots


TypeLoft Angle (degrees)Typical UseForgivenessVersatility
2-Hybrid16-20Long approach & tee shotsHighVersatile from various lies
3-Hybrid19-23Fairway approach & tee shotsModerateBalanced performance
4-Hybrid22-26Fairway approach & rescueModerateEasy-to-hit alternative
5-Hybrid25-29Versatile utility clubModerateImproved launch & control
6-Hybrid28-32Fairway approach & rescueModerateForgiving and easy to use


TypeHead DesignShaft Length (inches)Typical UseNotable Features
Blade PutterClassic, thin blade33-35Precision puttingClean, traditional look
Mallet PutterLarge, forgiving head34-36Alignment, stabilityEnhanced alignment features
Mid-Mallet PutterIntermediate design34-36Balance & accuracyCombines blade & mallet
Face-Balanced PutterEvenly balanced face33-35Consistent strokeMinimal face rotation
Toe-Weighted PutterWeighted toe for arc33-35Controlled strokePromotes slight toe rotation

In conclusion, golfers utilize a range of club types to tackle various situations on the golf course effectively. Understanding the purpose and characteristics of each type of club is crucial for improving one’s golf game. Custom fitting and experimentation with different clubs can help golfers find the optimal combination that suits their playing style and preferences.

Types Of Golf Clubs 3


  • Joel Moore

    Joel Moore's journey with The Golf Mine began in September 2021. His passion for golf, supported by a Golf Management Certification, and quick learning earned him the role of Deputy Editor.

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