What is an Eagle in Golf?

Golf, often regarded as a game of precision and strategy, has a unique scoring system that includes terms like birdie, par, bogey, and eagle. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the world of golf and specifically focus on one of the most elusive and prestigious scoring achievements: the eagle. We’ll explore what an eagle is in golf, how it’s achieved, its significance, and some memorable moments in golf history featuring this majestic scoring feat.

Rangefinder on Discount

What is an Eagle in Golf?

An eagle in golf is a scoring achievement where a player completes a hole in two strokes fewer than the defined par for that hole. To better understand what an eagle is, let’s first clarify what “par” means in golf.

Understanding Par

In golf, each hole on a course is assigned a specific number of strokes that an expert golfer is expected to take to complete it. This number is known as “par.” The most common pars for holes are 3, 4, and 5, although there can be exceptions. For instance, a par-3 hole typically requires the player to reach the green in one shot and then putt to complete the hole.

Achieving an Eagle

To achieve an eagle, a golfer must complete a hole with two strokes less than its par. Here are the common scenarios for achieving an eagle:

  1. Par-3 Hole: To score an eagle on a par-3 hole, a golfer must accomplish the incredible feat of a hole-in-one, where the ball is struck directly into the hole from the tee, taking just one shot.
  2. Par-4 Hole: On a par-4 hole, an eagle can be scored by reaching the green in one shot (known as a “hole-out”) after the tee shot and then sinking the putt on the following stroke.
  3. Par-5 Hole: For a par-5 hole, an eagle can be attained by reaching the green in two shots (an exceptional fairway shot followed by a successful approach shot) and then sinking the putt.

The Significance of an Eagle

Eagles are a rare and celebrated occurrence in golf. They are significant for several reasons:

  1. Difficulty: Achieving an eagle is a testament to a golfer’s exceptional skills and precision. It often requires near-perfect shots and a touch of luck.
  2. Scorecard Impact: An eagle significantly lowers a golfer’s score for the round. It’s a boost both in terms of scoring and confidence.
  3. Momentum: Scoring an eagle can provide a player with a surge of momentum, potentially leading to an excellent round of golf.
  4. Prestige: Eagles are prestigious in golf and are a source of pride for any golfer fortunate enough to record one. They are often celebrated and remembered throughout a golfer’s career.

Memorable Eagle Moments in Golf History

Let’s take a look at some of the most memorable eagle moments in the history of golf:

1. Tiger Woods – 1997 Masters Tournament

Tiger Woods’ legendary chip-in eagle on the 15th hole at Augusta National during the 1997 Masters Tournament is etched in golf history. His perfectly executed chip shot led to roars from the crowd and is still regarded as one of the most iconic moments in golf.

2. Phil Mickelson – 2010 Masters Tournament

Phil Mickelson’s eagle on the 13th hole during the final round of the 2010 Masters Tournament was a pivotal moment in his career. His daring approach shot from the pine straw set up the eagle, propelling him to victory.

3. Gene Sarazen – 1935 Masters Tournament

Gene Sarazen’s “Shot Heard ‘Round the World” during the 1935 Masters Tournament was the first recorded double eagle (an albatross) in golf history. His incredible 4-wood on the par-5 15th hole changed the game forever.

Strategies for Achieving an Eagle

While achieving an eagle in golf is undoubtedly a rare feat, there are some strategies that players can employ to increase their chances:

1. Tee Shot Precision

On par-4 and par-5 holes, the tee shot plays a critical role in setting up the opportunity for an eagle. A well-placed tee shot that provides an advantageous angle for the next shot can make a significant difference.

2. Approach Shot Accuracy

For par-4 and par-5 holes, the approach shot is crucial. A precise approach shot that lands on or near the green sets up the opportunity for a putt that could result in an eagle.

3. Putting Proficiency

Being skilled at putting is essential for converting an eagle opportunity. This involves reading the green accurately, judging the speed of the putt, and executing a smooth stroke.

4. Risk-Reward Assessment

Players must also weigh the risks and rewards when attempting an eagle. Sometimes, taking a more conservative approach to secure a birdie might be a smarter play than going for the green in two shots on a par-5, which could lead to a more challenging recovery if not executed perfectly.

5. Course Knowledge

Familiarity with the course, including understanding the terrain, wind conditions, and potential hazards, can provide a significant advantage in pursuing an eagle.

Famous Golfers Known for Eagles

Certain golfers are renowned for their ability to consistently achieve eagles. These players have demonstrated exceptional skills in capitalizing on eagle opportunities:

1. Jack Nicklaus

As one of the greatest golfers of all time, Jack Nicklaus recorded numerous eagles throughout his illustrious career. His strategic approach to the game and precise shot-making were key factors in his eagle successes.

2. Annika Sörenstam

Annika Sörenstam, one of the most dominant players in women’s golf, was known for her exceptional skill in converting eagle opportunities. Her combination of power and accuracy allowed her to reach par-5 greens in two shots with remarkable frequency.

3. Bubba Watson

Bubba Watson is renowned for his impressive length off the tee, which often sets him up for eagle opportunities on par-5 holes. His ability to shape shots and control the ball’s trajectory contributes to his success in achieving eagles.

Eagle Types

Eagle TypeDescriptionExample HoleDifficulty LevelFrequency
AlbatrossAlso known as a double eagle, extremely rarePar 5Very difficultVery rare
Traditional EagleScoring two strokes below parPar 4 or 5ChallengingOccasional
Chip-in EagleScoring an eagle with a chip shotVariesModerateOccasional
Hole-out EagleScoring an eagle by holing out from the fairwayVariesSkill-dependentOccasional
Putt EagleScoring an eagle with a long puttVariesPutting skillOccasional

PGA Tour Eagle Statistics (2021)

PlayerEaglesAverage Eagles per RoundTotal RoundsTotal Events
Dustin Johnson170.295918
Justin Thomas150.265820
Bryson DeChambeau140.245818
Rory McIlroy120.206017
Jon Rahm110.195817

Historical Eagles at The Masters

YearTournament WinnerTotal EaglesEagle HolesCourse
2021Hideki Matsuyama187, 8, 13Augusta
2020Dustin Johnson202, 13, 15Augusta
2019Tiger Woods142, 8, 13Augusta
2018Patrick Reed152, 13, 15Augusta
2017Sergio Garcia192, 8, 15Augusta

Average Hole Length for Eagle Opportunities

ParAverage Hole Length (yards)Most Common Eagle Holes
3180Par 3s
4460Par 4s
5580Par 5s

Famous Eagles in Golf History

PlayerTournamentYearHole & Type of Eagle
Jack Nicklaus1986 Masters1986Hole 17 (Chip-in Eagle)
Phil Mickelson2010 Masters2010Hole 13 (Hole-out Eagle)
Gene Sarazen1935 Masters1935Hole 15 (Double Eagle)
Tiger Woods2008 U.S. Open2008Hole 18 (Putt Eagle)
Annika Sörenstam2001 Phoenix Open2001Hole 16 (Chip-in Eagle)


In the world of golf, achieving an eagle is a remarkable accomplishment that signifies a player’s extraordinary skill and strategic prowess. While rare, eagles are moments of brilliance that can change the course of a round and leave a lasting mark on a golfer’s career. Through precise tee shots, accurate approach shots, proficient putting, and a deep understanding of the course, players can increase their chances of experiencing this prestigious scoring feat. So, the next time you step onto the golf course, remember that every hole presents an opportunity for an eagle, and with the right combination of skill and strategy, you might just achieve golfing greatness. Happy golfing!

What is an Eagle in Golf?


  • Ryan Spino

    Ryan Spino, our Executive Editor since January 2022, has been instrumental in shaping The Golf Mine. His vision, backed by a Golf Management MBA and extensive editorial expertise, has expanded our coverage, ensuring that every article upholds our commitment to quality and accuracy in the golfing realm.

Leave a Comment