What is Disc Golf

Disc golf, also known as frisbee golf or Frolf, is a rapidly growing sport that combines elements of traditional golf with the principles of ultimate frisbee. In disc golf, players aim to complete a course in as few throws as possible, using specialized flying discs instead of golf balls and clubs. It’s a game that’s accessible to people of all ages and skill levels, making it a popular recreational activity in parks and dedicated disc golf courses around the world.

Rangefinder on Discount

Basics of Disc Golf

The Objective

The primary objective of disc golf is to complete a course in the fewest number of throws. Similar to traditional golf, each hole on a disc golf course has a designated par score, which represents the ideal number of throws it should take to reach the target.

The Discs

Disc golfers use a variety of specialized discs designed for different purposes. These discs are typically categorized into three main types:

  1. Drivers: These discs are designed for maximum distance. They have a sharp edge and are aerodynamically designed to cover long distances when thrown.
  2. Mid-ranges: Mid-range discs are versatile and are used for shorter throws that require accuracy. They offer a balance between distance and control.
  3. Putters: Putters are used for precision shots around the basket. They have a blunt edge and are designed for short, controlled throws.

The Course

Disc golf courses are typically set in natural settings such as parks or wooded areas. Each course consists of a series of holes, usually 9 or 18, and players start at a designated tee area. The target, or “hole,” in disc golf is typically a metal basket with hanging chains that catch the disc.


Scoring in disc golf is similar to traditional golf. Players aim to complete each hole in as few throws as possible. The player who completes the course in the fewest total throws is the winner.

Throwing Techniques

Disc golfers use a variety of throwing techniques, including backhand and forehand throws, to control the flight of the disc. The choice of throwing technique depends on the player’s skill level and the specific challenges of each hole.

Growth and Popularity

Disc golf has experienced significant growth in popularity in recent years. Several factors have contributed to its rise, including:

  1. Accessibility: Disc golf is relatively affordable compared to traditional golf, making it accessible to a wider range of people. You only need a few discs to get started.
  2. Community and Culture: The disc golf community is known for its welcoming and inclusive culture. Many players enjoy the social aspects of the game, and local leagues and tournaments provide opportunities for competition and camaraderie.
  3. Environmental Stewardship: Disc golf courses are often located in natural settings, and many players are passionate about preserving and maintaining these areas. This commitment to environmental stewardship has helped build positive relationships with park authorities.
  4. Tournament Scene: Disc golf has a thriving tournament scene, with professional players competing in events around the world. Major tournaments, such as the Disc Golf World Championships, attract large audiences and sponsorships.

Disc Golf Equipment and Rules


To play disc golf, you’ll need the following equipment:

  1. Discs: As mentioned earlier, disc golfers use specialized discs. It’s common for players to carry a variety of discs in their bags to suit different situations on the course.
  2. Disc Golf Bag: A bag is used to carry your discs conveniently. Disc golf bags come in various sizes, from small shoulder bags to larger backpack-style bags.
  3. Scorecard and Pencil: Keeping score is an essential part of the game. Most courses provide scorecards at the beginning of the course, or players can print their own.
  4. Water Bottle and Snacks: Staying hydrated and energized is crucial, especially during longer rounds. It’s a good idea to have a water bottle and some snacks on hand.


While the basic objective of disc golf is to complete the course in as few throws as possible, there are specific rules and guidelines to follow:

  1. Tee Throws: Each hole starts with a tee throw from a designated tee area. The player must have one foot behind the tee line when throwing.
  2. Fairway Throws: After the tee throw, players must throw from where their disc landed. They must maintain balance behind their lie (the spot where the disc landed) and within a one-meter radius of it.
  3. Completion of a Hole: A hole is considered completed when the disc comes to rest in the target basket or tray. If a disc lands in the basket but then falls out, the player must complete the hole by successfully hitting the basket from the lie.
  4. Scoring: Players tally the number of throws it took to complete each hole. If a hole has a par score of 3 and a player takes 4 throws, they are said to be “1 over par” for that hole.
  5. Out of Bounds: Many disc golf courses have out-of-bounds areas marked by specific lines or markers. If a disc lands out of bounds, a penalty stroke is added, and the player throws from a designated drop zone.
  6. Casual Relief: In some situations, players may be allowed “casual relief” if their lie is obstructed by natural obstacles, such as a tree or a bush. Players typically mark a new lie within a certain distance from the original lie to avoid the obstruction.
  7. Obstacles and Hazards: Players must navigate around trees, bushes, and other obstacles strategically. Water hazards, such as ponds or streams, add an additional challenge, and players may incur penalties for landing in these areas.

Disc Golf Equipment

Equipment TypeDescriptionExample BrandAverage Cost ($)Common Materials
Disc TypesVarious discs for throwingInnova, Discraft$8 – $20Plastic, Rubber
BasketsTarget for disc throwingDGA, Innova$100 – $500Metal, Chains
BagsCarrying disc storageDynamic Discs$20 – $150Nylon, Polyester
GlovesHand protectionFriction Gloves$15 – $30Leather, Synthetic
Mini DiscsSmaller practice discsWham-O, Innova$5 – $10Plastic, Foam

 Disc Golf Rules

Rule CategoryDescriptionKey RulesPenaltiesScoring System
Teeing OffStarting the holeProper stance, no stepping on lineStroke penaltyStroke-based, Par
Fairway PlayAdvancing toward the targetThrowing order, obstaclesStroke penaltyStroke-based, Par
PuttingCompleting the hole by getting the disc inWithin the circle, no jumping puttStroke penaltyStroke-based, Par
Out-of-BoundsDiscs landing outside the playing areaRe-throw from last in-bounds spotStroke penalty, distance penaltyStroke-based, Par
EtiquetteSportsmanship and courtesy on the courseAllow faster groups to play throughWarning, disqualificationN/A

Disc Golf Courses

Course TypeDescriptionFeaturesTerrain TypesCourse Difficulty
WoodedSet in dense forestsTight fairways, elevationForest, Hills, CreeksIntermediate
OpenMostly open fieldsLong throws, fewer obstaclesGrass, MeadowsBeginner
MountainousAmongst mountain landscapesElevation changes, vistasMountains, ValleysAdvanced
UrbanIn city parks and areasMan-made obstaclesConcrete, BuildingsMixed
WaterfrontAlongside bodies of waterWater hazards, scenic viewsLakes, RiversIntermediate

Disc Golf Terms

TermDefinitionExample Usage
AceScoring a hole in one with a single throw“I can’t believe I got an ace on hole 9!”
BirdieScoring one stroke under par on a hole“I got a birdie on that challenging par 4.”
ForehandA throwing technique where the palm faces forward“He prefers using a forehand throw for control.”
HyzerA disc flight path that curves left (for righties)“Throw with a hyzer angle to avoid the trees.”
AnhyzerA disc flight path that curves right (for righties)“An anhyzer shot can help get around obstacles.”

Disc Golf Disc Types

Disc TypeDescriptionSpeed RatingStability RatingIdeal Use
PutterShort-distance accuracy and control1-3StablePutting, Upshots
MidrangeModerate distance and control4-5Neutral to StableApproach, Midrange
Fairway DriverControlled distance and accuracy6-8Stable to OverstableFairway shots
Distance DriverMaximum distance9-14OverstableTee shots, Long drives
SpecialtyUnique flight characteristicsVariesVariesSpecialty shots


Disc golf is an exciting and accessible sport that offers a unique twist on traditional golf. Whether you’re a beginner learning the ropes or a seasoned pro competing in tournaments, the combination of skill, strategy, and outdoor enjoyment makes disc golf a rewarding and enjoyable activity. As the sport continues to grow, more courses and opportunities to play are becoming available, making it easier than ever to get involved in this thriving community. So, grab your discs, head to a nearby course, and experience the joy of disc golf for yourself.What is Disc Golf


  • Anglo Carson

    Anglo Carson, a Certified Golf Instructor, embarked on a remarkable journey, driven by his unwavering love for golf. He founded The Golf Mine with a singular mission - to create a golfing haven where passion knows no boundaries. His lifelong love affair with golf, combined with his expertise as a Certified Golf Instructor, turned into a vision to share his extensive knowledge, inspire, and promote the game he holds dear.

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