Valve adjustment is an essential part of maintaining your EZ-GO golf cart’s performance and efficiency. Over time, the valves on your cart’s engine can become loose or tight, which can lead to reduced power, increased noise, and poor fuel efficiency. In this guide, we will walk you through the steps to properly adjust the valves on an EZ-GO golf cart to ensure optimal performance and longevity.
Before you start, please note that this guide is for reference purposes only. If you are unsure or uncomfortable performing this maintenance, it is highly recommended that you seek the assistance of a professional mechanic.
Tools and Materials Needed:
- Wrench set
- Socket set
- Feeler gauge
- Flathead screwdriver
- Clean rag or cloth
- Safety glasses
- Safety first: Always wear safety glasses and gloves when working on your golf cart. Ensure the cart is on level ground, the key is in the off position, and the parking brake is engaged.
- Locate the engine: Open the engine compartment to gain access to the engine. The location of the engine may vary depending on your specific EZ-GO golf cart model, but it is typically located beneath the seat or behind the rear wheels.
- Remove the valve cover: Locate the valve cover on the engine. It is usually a rectangular or round-shaped cover held in place by a few bolts or clips. Using a wrench or socket, remove the bolts and gently lift the valve cover to expose the rocker arms and valves.
- Identify the valves: You should see two valves per cylinder – an intake valve and an exhaust valve. The intake valve allows the air-fuel mixture to enter the combustion chamber, while the exhaust valve releases the burned gases.
- Check the valve clearance: Rotate the engine until the piston for the valve you want to adjust is at top dead center (TDC) on the compression stroke. This is the point when both intake and exhaust valves are closed. Consult your owner’s manual for specific instructions on how to rotate the engine to TDC.
- Measure the clearance: Using a feeler gauge, measure the clearance between the rocker arm and the valve stem. Consult your owner’s manual or service manual for the proper valve clearance specifications for your specific EZ-GO golf cart model.
- Adjust the valves: If the clearance is not within the specified range, you will need to adjust the valves. Loosen the lock nut on the rocker arm adjusting screw with a wrench. Then, use a flathead screwdriver to turn the adjusting screw until the desired clearance is achieved. Tighten the lock nut while holding the adjusting screw in place with the screwdriver.
- Verify the adjustment: Recheck the clearance with the feeler gauge to ensure it is within the specified range. If necessary, make additional adjustments.
- Repeat for remaining valves: Adjust the other valves following the same procedure, ensuring each valve is at TDC on the compression stroke before making adjustments.
- Replace the valve cover: Once all valves have been adjusted, clean the valve cover and its mating surface on the engine with a clean rag or cloth. Ensure that the gasket is in good condition or replace it if needed. Reinstall the valve cover and tighten the bolts in a crisscross pattern to the recommended torque specifications found in your owner’s manual or service manual.
- Test the engine: Start the engine and let it run for a few minutes. Listen for any unusual noises or irregularities. If everything sounds normal, your valve adjustment was successful.
Tools and Materials Required for Valve Adjustment
|1||Feeler Gauge||Used to measure valve clearance||1 set||Comes in various thicknesses|
|2||Wrench Set||For loosening and tightening nuts/bolts||1 set||Metric or Standard depending on model|
|3||Screwdriver Set||For adjusting the valve screws||1 set||Flathead and Phillips head required|
|4||Spark Plug Socket||For removing the spark plug||1||Fits your specific spark plug size|
|5||Ratchet||For socket attachment and torque control||1|
Preparation Steps for Valve Adjustment
|1||Park the golf cart||Park on a level surface||–||Use parking brake|
|2||Disconnect battery||Remove negative terminal first||5 min||Prevents electric shock|
|3||Remove engine cover||Access the valve cover||10 min||Keep bolts organized|
|4||Clean valve cover area||Remove dirt and debris||5 min||Prevents contamination|
|5||Remove spark plug||Use spark plug socket and ratchet||5 min||Place in a safe location|
Valve Clearance Specifications
|Engine Model||Intake Valve Clearance||Exhaust Valve Clearance||Adjustment Interval||Notes|
|EH29C||0.004-0.006 in.||0.004-0.006 in.||Every 200 hours|
|EH35C||0.004-0.006 in.||0.004-0.006 in.||Every 200 hours|
|EH41||0.004-0.006 in.||0.004-0.006 in.||Every 200 hours|
|EH65||0.004-0.006 in.||0.004-0.006 in.||Every 200 hours|
|EH72||0.004-0.006 in.||0.004-0.006 in.||Every 200 hours|
Valve Adjustment Procedure
|1||Rotate engine||Position piston at TDC of compression||5 min||TDC = Top Dead Center|
|2||Measure clearances||Use feeler gauge on intake & exhaust||10 min||Check specifications table|
|3||Loosen lock nut||Use appropriate wrench||5 min||Be careful not to overtighten|
|4||Adjust valve clearance||Use screwdriver to set clearance||10 min||Check clearance again after adjusting|
|5||Tighten lock nut||Secure the adjustment screw||5 min||Be careful not to overtighten|
|1||Recheck clearances||Confirm correct valve clearances||10 min||Use feeler gauge|
|2||Replace spark plug||Use spark plug socket and ratchet||5 min||Ensure correct torque|
|3||Clean valve cover gasket||Inspect and clean gasket||5 min||Replace if damaged|
|4||Replace valve cover||Secure valve cover with bolts||10 min||Ensure even torque on all bolts|
|5||Reconnect battery||Connect positive terminal first||5 min||Check all connections|
Follow these tables as a guide to adjust the valves on your EZ GO golf cart. Be sure to consult your specific golf cart’s manual for any additional steps or specifications. Regular valve adjustment can ensure optimal engine performance and extend the life of your golf cart.