Hooking Driver But Not Irons

The game of golf is a fascinating combination of skill, strategy, and technique. One common issue that plagues many golfers is the tendency to hook their driver, but not their irons. This discrepancy in shot-shaping can be frustrating and perplexing. In this article, we will explore the reasons behind this phenomenon and provide tips for improving your game.

  1. The Fundamental Differences Between Drivers and Irons

Before we delve into the reasons behind hooking your driver but not your irons, it’s essential to understand the fundamental differences between these two types of clubs.

a. Clubhead Design and Loft: Drivers have a larger clubhead and lower loft compared to irons, which means the ball launches at a lower angle with more potential for sidespin. This can exacerbate the hook effect.

b. Shaft Length: Drivers have longer shafts than irons, making them more challenging to control and increasing the likelihood of off-center hits, which can result in hooks.

c. Swing Plane: The swing plane for drivers is typically flatter than that for irons due to the differences in club length and ball position. This can lead to different swing mechanics and affect ball flight.

  1. Reasons for Hooking Driver But Not Irons

a. Swing Path Issues: A common reason for hooking your driver is an in-to-out swing path. This path promotes a closed clubface at impact, resulting in a right-to-left ball flight for right-handed golfers. Irons are generally more forgiving with swing path issues, which can mask the problem.

b. Grip: A strong grip can contribute to a hook because it encourages a closed clubface at impact. This may not be as evident with irons, as their higher loft and shorter shaft can help mitigate the issue.

c. Tee Height and Ball Position: If you tee the ball too high or position it too far forward in your stance, you may inadvertently promote an upward and in-to-out swing path. This can result in a hook with your driver, while your irons may not be as affected due to their different setup requirements.

  1. Tips for Improvement

a. Check Your Grip: Ensure that your grip is neutral, with the “V” shape formed by your thumb and index finger pointing toward your right shoulder (for right-handed golfers).

b. Adjust Ball Position and Tee Height: Position the ball slightly inside your left heel for your driver and lower your tee height to encourage a more neutral swing path.

c. Work on Swing Path: Practice swinging with a more in-to-in or neutral path. Drills like the “gate drill” or using alignment sticks can help ingrain the proper swing path.

d. Club Fitting: Ensure your clubs are properly fitted to your swing characteristics. A professional club fitting can help identify any equipment-related issues that may be causing hooks.

  1. Addressing Common Swing Faults

In addition to the tips mentioned earlier, addressing specific swing faults can help you reduce hooks with your driver and improve overall consistency.

a. Maintain Posture: Losing your posture during the swing can cause a variety of issues, including an in-to-out swing path. Focus on maintaining your spine angle throughout the swing and rotating around your spine rather than swaying or sliding.

b. Proper Weight Shift: Ensure a smooth weight shift from your back foot to your front foot during the downswing. This promotes a more balanced swing, leading to better control of the clubface and a reduced likelihood of hooks.

c. Eliminate Over-rotation: Over-rotating your forearms during the downswing can close the clubface too early, leading to a hook. Practice maintaining a square clubface through impact by focusing on a more passive release and minimizing excessive forearm rotation.

  1. Additional Practice Techniques

a. The Towel Drill: Place a towel under your armpits and take swings without letting the towel fall out. This drill helps maintain connection between your arms and body, leading to a more synchronized and controlled swing.

b. The Headcover Drill: Place a headcover or small object just outside your golf ball to simulate an obstacle. This encourages an in-to-in swing path and discourages the in-to-out path that often causes hooks.

c. Video Analysis: Recording your swing can help you identify specific issues that may be causing hooks. Compare your swing to professional golfers or consult with a golf instructor for expert feedback.

  1. Building Confidence and Mental Strength

a. Pre-shot Routine: Develop a consistent pre-shot routine that helps you focus on the shot at hand and eliminates distractions. This can help you feel more confident and relaxed when hitting your driver.

b. Visualize Success: Practice visualizing the desired ball flight before each shot. This mental exercise can help align your body and mind to execute the shot successfully.

c. Acceptance and Resilience: Understand that even the best golfers occasionally hit bad shots. Learn to accept these outcomes, stay positive, and focus on the next shot.

Common Causes of Hooking Driver But Not Irons

Cause No.Grip IssueSwing PathClubfaceTimingBall Position
1Too strongInside-outClosedLateToo far forward
2Too weakOutside-inOpenEarlyToo far back
3MisalignedStraightClosedLateToo far forward
5VaryingOutside-inClosedLateToo far forward
6PalmyInside-outClosedEarlyToo far back
8OverlappingOutside-inOpenEarlyToo far forward
9InterlockingInside-outClosedLateToo far back

Setup Differences Between Driver and Irons

AspectDriverLong IronsMid IronsShort IronsWedges
Ball PositionForward in stanceSlightly forwardCenterCenterSlightly back
Stance WidthWiderSlightly wideMediumMediumNarrow
Spine AngleSlightly tilted awaySlight tiltStraightStraightStraight
Tee HeightHigherLowerN/AN/AN/A
Weight DistributionEvenSlightly backCenterCenterSlightly forward

Swing Mechanics Affecting Hooking Driver But Not Irons

AspectDriver SwingLong Iron SwingMid Iron SwingShort Iron SwingWedge Swing
Swing PlaneFlatterSlightly flatNeutralNeutralSteeper
Swing TempoSlower, smootherModerateModerateModerateFaster, crisper
Swing PathInside-outNeutralNeutralNeutralNeutral
Release PointLate, active handsSlightly lateNeutralNeutralSlightly early
Wrist HingeMore Wrist HingeModerateModerateLess hingeMinimal hinge



Understanding the differences between drivers and irons is crucial to addressing the problem of hooking your driver but not your irons. By identifying the potential causes and implementing the suggested tips for improvement, you can achieve a more consistent and accurate ball flight with both types of clubs. Remember, golf is a game of continuous learning and practice, so stay patient and committed to your improvement journey.


  • Ray Barnes

    Ray Barnes, our Senior Staff Writer and a Golf Analyst with a PhD in Sports Analytics, is a beacon of insight in the golfing world. With a deep understanding of the sport's nuances, statistical analysis, and a talent for demystifying complexities, he provides in-depth analysis and captivating narratives that engage golf enthusiasts worldwide.

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