What are Yips in Golf

In golf, the yips are a sudden and unexplained loss of control during a golf swing. It is a phenomenon that can affect golfers of all skill levels and can manifest itself in a number of ways, such as jerky movements, mis-hits, or complete inability to make a stroke.

Rangefinder on Discount

The yips can be frustrating and even debilitating for golfers, as it can ruin their confidence and cause them to lose their love for the sport. Some golfers even give up the game altogether because of the yips.

The exact cause of the yips is not well understood, but it is believed to be a combination of physical, psychological, and neurological factors. Some golfers may develop the yips due to underlying medical conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, while others may develop it due to anxiety, pressure, or other psychological factors.

There is no one-size-fits-all solution to the yips, and golfers may need to try different techniques to overcome it. Some golfers may benefit from relaxation techniques or mental exercises, while others may need to work on their physical technique or even seek professional help.

In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the use of technology and biofeedback to help golfers overcome the yips. This includes the use of wearable devices that monitor a golfer’s movements and provide real-time feedback, as well as the use of virtual reality technology to simulate golf swings in a controlled environment.

The yips can affect any golf shot, from putting to chipping to full swings. It can occur at any time, and it can also affect different aspects of a golfer’s game. For example, a golfer may develop the yips while putting, but they may not experience any issues with their full swing.

One of the challenges of the yips is that it can be a difficult condition to diagnose. It is often confused with other physical or mental conditions, such as a tremor or anxiety disorder. This can lead to frustration for golfers who are trying to overcome the yips, as they may not receive the proper diagnosis and treatment.

To help golfers overcome the yips, some golf coaches and mental health professionals have developed specific training programs. These programs may include a combination of physical, psychological, and neurological interventions, such as relaxation techniques, mental rehearsal, visualization, and biofeedback training.

Biofeedback is a technique that involves monitoring a golfer’s physiological responses, such as heart rate, muscle tension, and breathing, to help them learn how to control their body and mind. This technique has been found to be effective in helping golfers overcome the yips, as it can help them learn how to stay relaxed and focused during their golf swings.

Another technique that has been found to be effective in overcoming the yips is the use of progressive muscle relaxation. This technique involves tensing and relaxing different muscle groups in the body to help golfers learn how to release tension and stay relaxed during their swings.

Yips Symptoms and Causes

TremorsUncontrollable shaking during the putting strokeAnxiety, lack of confidenceRelaxation techniques, cognitive therapyVisualization, positive self-talk
Muscle tightnessDifficulty making a smooth putting strokeTension, fear of failureStretching, massage therapyMental rehearsal, pre-shot routine
Loss of controlInability to start or stop the putting strokeNerves, overthinkingBreathing exercises, biofeedbackImproved technique, focus on target
Short putting issuesInability to make short putts consistentlyFear, lack of trust in techniquePractice drills, repetitionImproved putting technique, visualization
Putting yipsInvoluntary jerks or spasms in the putting strokePsychological, neurologicalMedical intervention, therapyRelaxation techniques, mindfulness training

Golf Yips and Golfers

GolferExperience with YipsYips Impact on GameYips TreatmentYips Prevention
Ernie ElsStruggled with putting yipsLoss of confidence, poor putting statsTherapy, visualizationImproved putting technique, mental focus
Bernhard LangerDealt with yips for yearsSwitched to long putter, improved putting statsMental training, relaxation techniquesPre-shot routine, visualization
Tiger WoodsExperienced short game yipsInconsistent putting, missed short puttsPractice drills, improved techniqueFocus on target, positive self-talk
Sam SneadOvercame yips early in careerImproved putting stats, successful careerPositive mindset, visualizationImproved technique, pre-shot routine
Mark O’MearaFought yips in mid-careerImproved putting, won more tournamentsYoga, meditationRelaxation techniques, mental preparation

Types of Yips in Golf

Type of YipsDescriptionCommon Cause
Putting YipsInvoluntary jerks or spasms in putting strokePsychological, neurological
Full Swing YipsInability to complete full swing, often in short gameTension, nerves
Chip YipsInconsistent chipping, difficulty getting ball close to holeAnxiety, lack of confidence
Pitching YipsInability to control distance and trajectory of pitch shotsTension, fear of failure
Bunker YipsDifficulty getting ball out of bunkerAnxiety, lack of trust in technique

Yips Management Strategies

Relaxation techniquesDeep breathing, meditation, visualization
Cognitive therapyAddressing negative thoughts and beliefs
Physical therapyMassage, stretching, biofeedback
Mental rehearsalVisualizing successful shots and outcomes
Pre-shot routineConsistent routine before each shot to reduce anxiety and build confidence

Prevention and Management Techniques for Golf Yips

Positive self-talkEncouraging and supportive inner dialogue
Mindfulness trainingAwareness of present moment, non-judgmental
Improved techniqueProper grip, stance, alignment, swing
Focus on targetVisualizing target, narrowing focus


  • Ray Barnes

    Ray Barnes, our Senior Staff Writer and a Golf Analyst with a PhD in Sports Analytics, is a beacon of insight in the golfing world. With a deep understanding of the sport's nuances, statistical analysis, and a talent for demystifying complexities, he provides in-depth analysis and captivating narratives that engage golf enthusiasts worldwide.

Leave a Comment