How to Swing a Wedge Golf Club

Swinging a wedge golf club is essential for mastering short game shots and achieving greater accuracy and control around the greens. Understanding the proper technique can help you hit high, soft shots that stop quickly and stay close to the pin. In this guide, we’ll cover the fundamentals of swinging a wedge, including setup, grip, stance, and swing mechanics.

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Choose the right wedge

There are various types of wedges: pitching wedge (PW), gap wedge (GW), sand wedge (SW), and lob wedge (LW). Each has a different loft, which determines the trajectory and distance of the shot. Choose the right wedge for the specific situation you’re in, whether it’s a full swing, chip shot, or bunker shot.

Set up correctly

  • Ball position: Place the ball in the center of your stance or slightly forward, depending on the desired trajectory.
  • Feet position: Position your feet shoulder-width apart for a stable base. For shorter shots, narrow your stance.
  • Alignment: Square your body to the target, ensuring your feet, hips, and shoulders are parallel to the target line.

Grip the club

Use a neutral or slightly weaker grip for better control and feel. The V-shape formed by your thumb and index finger on both hands should point toward your right shoulder (for right-handed golfers) or left shoulder (for left-handed golfers).

Control your stance

  • Weight distribution: Place slightly more weight on your front foot (about 60%) to promote a downward strike on the ball.
  • Flex your knees: Maintain a slight knee bend for stability and balance during the swing.
  • Posture: Lean forward from your hips, keeping your back straight and your head steady.

The takeaway

Initiate the backswing by rotating your shoulders and maintaining a one-piece motion with your arms and club. Keep your wrists hinged as the clubhead moves away from the ball. For shorter shots, limit the length of your backswing.

The downswing

Shift your weight to your front foot while maintaining your body position. Rotate your hips and shoulders toward the target. Allow your arms and club to follow naturally, keeping your wrists hinged until just before impact.


Strike the ball with a descending blow, making contact with the ball first and then the turf. Your hands should be slightly ahead of the clubhead at impact, creating a forward shaft lean for solid contact and optimal spin.


Continue to rotate your hips and shoulders through the shot, extending your arms fully towards the target. Finish with your weight on your front foot and your chest facing the target.


Golf Club Selection

Golf Club TypeLoft RangeBounce AngleDistanceTurf Condition
Pitching Wedge44-48°2-5°110-140yFirm
Gap Wedge49-54°5-10°90-120yMedium
Sand Wedge54-58°10-16°70-100ySoft
Lob Wedge58-64°4-10°40-70yVery Soft
High Lob Wedge64-68°0-6°20-50yExtreme Soft

Golf Swing Fundamentals

1Address the ballSquareFirmSquare
2Set clubface behind the ballOpenSoftOpen
9Evaluate the shotRelaxedSoftN/A
10Adjust for next shotN/AN/AN/A

Golf Swing Drills

Drill #Drill NameFocusSkill Level
1Half Swing DrillTempoBeginner
2Feet Together DrillBalanceBeginner
3Hinge and Hold DrillWrist HingeIntermediate
4Pump DrillTransitionIntermediate
59-to-3 DrillContactIntermediate
6Alignment Stick DrillAlignmentAll Levels
7Towel Under Arm DrillConnectionIntermediate
8Coin DrillClubfaceAdvanced
9Flop Shot DrillTrajectoryAdvanced
10Bunker PracticeSand PlayAll Levels

Wedge Shot Techniques

TechniqueLoftTrajectorySpinDistance ControlUse
Standard ChipLowLowLowHighBump & Run
Standard PitchMidMidMidMediumApproach
Flop ShotHighHighHighLowObstacles
Sand ShotMidHighLowMediumBunkers
Low PunchLowLowLowHighWindy



Mastering the wedge swing is crucial for lowering your scores and improving your overall golf game. Practice these steps to develop a consistent and effective wedge swing. As you gain confidence, experiment with different trajectories and distances to become a true short game wizard.


  • Ray Barnes

    Ray Barnes, our Senior Staff Writer and a Golf Analyst with a PhD in Sports Analytics, is a beacon of insight in the golfing world. With a deep understanding of the sport's nuances, statistical analysis, and a talent for demystifying complexities, he provides in-depth analysis and captivating narratives that engage golf enthusiasts worldwide.

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